Ebene News – GB – Where is Etna and when was the last time the volcano erupted?

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MOUNT Etna, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, spat smoke and ash during a spectacular eruption in Italy

He has already destroyed entire villages after firing lava and ash hundreds of meters into the air

It is located between the cities of Messina and Catania and lies between the convergent plate margin between the African plate and the Eurasian plate

Etna is the highest active volcano in Europe and rises to 3329 m, making it the highest peak in Italy south of the Alps

Etna is also by far the largest of Italy’s three active volcanoes and about two and a half times the height of the second largest Mount Vesuvius

Etna is one of the most active volcanoes in the world and is a state of almost constant activity

The fertile soil around the volcano allows extensive agriculture, with vineyards and orchards spread across its lower slopes

A nearby airport was forced to close temporarily after smoke and ash filled the sky

The most serious recent eruption on Mount Etna occurred on March 16, 2017, when ten people, including a BBC press team, were injured

A new eruption in August 2018 sent plumes of ash and lava spewing into the air, but no evacuations or injuries were reported

The volcano is active and continues to erupt due to its position between the African and Eurasian tectonic plates, as well as the fault between the African and Ionian microplates

The lonian plate is tilted backwards allowing the mantle magna to rise to the surface

Scientists say the giant volcano is approaching the Mediterranean Sea by 14mm every year, which could have “devastating” consequences

Open University geologist Dr John Murray believes this is the first landslide of this magnitude to be recorded

Writing in the Bulletin of Volcanology, he wrote: there was “strong geological evidence” that landslides have a natural tendency to lead to “catastrophic collapse of the area” and “devastating consequences” like a tsunami

A study published in Science Advances in 2018 showed that a ‘slow landslide’ was occurring that could accelerate and move rapidly in the sea

Speaking to The Independent, Dr Morelia Urlaub of the Geomar Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research said they have been monitoring Etna ashore for 30 years – just a fraction of the age of the mount

Of the landslide, she said: “It could happen in 10, 100 or 100,000 years – we can’t tell”

Etna’s most destructive eruption took place in March 1669 and produced lava flows that destroyed at least 10 villages on its southern flank

Lava reached the city walls of Catania five weeks later, on April 15

An eruption in 1928 was the first time that a population of a center had been destroyed by Etna since 1169

Between 2002 and 2003, a series of activities threw up a huge column of ash that could be seen from space

From January 2011 to February 2012, Mount Etna experienced intense activity and erupted frequently, leading to the closure of Catania airport on several occasions

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Mount Etna

Ebene News – GB – Where is Mount Etna and when was the last time the volcano erupted?

Source: https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/3111853/where-mount-etna-volcano-erupt/